Muhammad’s Successor

Sunni Islam stipulates that the head of state, the caliph, should be selected by Shuraelected by Muslims or their representatives. The caliphate was “the core political concept of Sunni Islam, by the consensus of the Muslim majority in the early centuries.”

Followers of Shia Islam believe the caliph should be an imam chosen by God from the Ahl al-Bayt (Muhammad’s purified progeny).

After the Rashidun period until 1924, caliphates, sometimes two at a single time, real and illusory, were ruled by dynasties. The first dynasty was the Umayyad. This was followed by the Abbasid, the Fatimid (not recognized outside Fatimid domain), and finally the Ottoman Dynasty.

— (WIKIPEDIA)
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