Georgian and Armenian Bibles

January 1, 404 – Armenian Bible

A Gabar (ancient Armenian) translation of the Bible, with Syriac and Greek influence, was completed in 436 AD.

Persecuted Christians had existed for a century in Armenia when translation began, spearheaded by Mesrob Mashtots, former court secretary, and Isaac (Sachak), a Greek scholar. But first they will need to devise the Armenian alphabet. The image here shows the Armenian script of the 5th/6th century.

January 1, 420 – Georgian Bible

Georgian is the main Caucasian language.

The 38-character Armenian alphabet is refashioned to the Georgian vernacular (traditionally credited to Mesrob Mashtots, co–translator of the Armenian Scriptures).

Christianity came to Georgia in the 3rd century, a century earlier than what is commonly believed. By the 5th century it had become officially established. The earliest Georgian manuscript extant is a 7th-8th century Psaltery.

Decoration of a 9th century Georgian manuscript [Wikimedia Commons]
David before King Saul: Illumination from Georgian Psalter, ca. 13-15th centuries [Image:]



Further Reading

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