The Hall of Hewn Stones (in Hebrew, לשכת הגזית Lishkat ha-Gazit) was the meeting place of the Sanhedrin during the Second Temple period. The Talmud deduces that it was built into the north wall of the Temple, half inside the sanctuary and half outside, with doors providing access both to the temple and to the outside. The name presumably arises to distinguish it from the buildings in the temple complex used for ritual purposes, which had to be constructed of stones unhewn by any iron implements.
According to the Talmud, the Hall of Hewn Stones is the traditional meeting place of the Great Sanhedrin when it functioned as a court with full sovereign powers including the power to impose criminal penalties.
— [Hall of Hewn Stones, Wikipedia]
- Temple Update: Sanhedrin Chamber of Hewn Stone Blueprints Revealed, Darren Huckey – Digging with Darren
- Tour of the Temple. Class 9: Chambers of the Courtyard, Rabbi Yoav Elan – Torah.org
- Dimensions of the Chamber of Hewn Stone: Part 1 , Yoav Elan – Beis Hamikdash Topics, June 16, 2014
- Blueprints for the Holy Temple – The Temple Institute
- The New Sanhedrin and the Temple Mount, Leen Ritmeyer – Ritmeyer Archaeological Design, March 11, 2007