Daniel

God’s foremost messenger to Israel

Timeline of the Book of Daniel

The Book of Daniel, written during Babylonian exile (ca. 530 BCE), is split into six historical followed by six prophetic chapters.

date

In the third year of the reign of Jehoiakim king of Judah came Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon unto Jerusalem, and besieged it. And the Lord gave Jehoiakim king of Judah into his hand, with part of the vessels of the house of God: which he carried into the land of Shinar to the house of his god; and he brought the vessels into the treasure house of his god …

  1. Education of Daniel and his friends, captive in Babylon
    • 3rd Year of Jehoiakim king of Judah
    • Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon came to besiege Jerusalem and took captive among the finest children of Judah
    • Daniel: Belteshazzar; Hananiah: Shadrach; Mishael: Meshach; Azariah: Abed-nego
  2. Nebuchadnezzar’s first dream interpreted by Daniel
    • 2nd Year of Nebuchadnezzar
    • Great image of the statue of a man
    • Head of fine gold; breast/arms of silver; belly/thighs of brass; legs of iron; feet part iron and part clay
  3. Deliverance of Daniel’s friends from the fiery furnace
  4. Nebuchadnezzar’s second dream, that of a great tree, interpreted and fulfilled
  5. Belshazzar’s banquet appropriating the use of the golden and silver vessels of the House of the Lord
    • Writing on the wall — MENE, MENE, TEKEL, UPHARSIN
    • That same night Belshazzar is slain and the 62-year old Darius the Mede takes the kingdom, without so much as a fight, on behalf of Persia
  6. Darius tricked into a decree that sees Daniel’s miraculous deliverance from the lions den
  7. Four mythical Beasts of the Sea and the Little Horn
    • Lion with two eagle’s wings
    • Bear on its side with 3 ribs between its teeth
    • Leopard with 4 fowl’s wings
    • Diverse and Terrible with iron teeth and nails of brass
      • 10 horns (kings)
      • A Little Horn (11th) which uproots 3 before it (leaving 8 in total) is personified with eyes and a mouth that spake very great things and:
        • made war and prevailed against saints
        • was blasphemous
        • would wear out the saints of the most high
        • think to change times and laws
  8. The ram, the goat, and the 2300 days
    • 3rd Year reign of King Belshazzar
    • At the Shushan Palace (province of Elam) by the River Ulai
    • Ram with high but uneven horns, the higher came up last
    • Ram pushes west, north, and south
    • Finally, a He-Goat with a single prominent horn, comes from out of the west to smite the ram
    • In turn, and at the height of its power, the horn of the He-Goat is broken replaced by four kings from the four winds of heaven
    • Out of one of these four came forth a little horn which waxed great toward the south, and toward the east, and toward the pleasant
    • This little horn became great and cast down the hosts of heaven, the stars and trampled upon them
    • The Little horn magnified itself even to the Prince of the Host
    • By the Little Horn was the daily (sacrifice) taken away and the place of sanctuary cast down
    • 2300 days later would the sanctuary be cleansed
    • “And the vision of the evening and the morning which was told is true: wherefore shut thou up the vision; for it shall be for many days.” [Dan 8:26]
  9. The 70 weeks
    • 1st Year of the reign of Darius son of Ahaseurus of the seed of the Medes
    • Daniel understands the seventy years of desolation spoken of by the prophet Jeremiah
    • Gabriel revisits Daniel [9:23-27] …
      • “At the beginning of thy supplications the commandment came forth, and I am come to shew thee; for thou art greatly beloved: therefore understand the matter, and consider the vision. Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy. Know therefore and understand, that from the going forth of the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem [457 BC ?] unto the Messiah the Prince shall be seven weeks, and threescore and two weeks: the street shall be built again, and the wall, even in troublous times. And after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself: and the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary; and the end thereof shall be with a flood, and unto the end of the war desolations are determined. And he shall confirm the covenant with many for one week: and in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease, and for the overspreading of abominations he shall make it desolate, even until the consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate.”
  10. 3rd Year of Cyrus
    • The warring kings of the North and the South
  11. 1st Year of Darius
    • Three kings of Persia
    • A fourth and richer king of Persia will trouble Greece
    • But there will arise a Greek king who defeat the Persian
    • But the Greek too will fall and his kingdom divided into four realms as he will have no children to continue the dynasty
  12. “And from the time that the daily sacrifice shall be taken away, and the abomination that maketh desolate set up, there shall be a thousand two hundred and ninety daysBlessed is he that waiteth, and cometh to the thousand three hundred and five and thirty days.” [Daniel 12:11-12]

Credit: Bible Questions
[Image: Bible Questions]

 —

The verses of Daniel 9:25-27 — regarding the 70th Week and cutting-off of Messiah — show a chiastic structure.

25 Know therefore and understand, that from the going forth of the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem unto the Messiah the Prince shall be seven weeks, and threescore and two weeks: the street shall be built again, and the wall, even in troublous times. 26 And after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself: and the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary; and the end thereof shall be with a flood, and unto the end of the war desolations are determined. 27 And he shall confirm the covenant with many for one week: and in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease, and for the overspreading of abominations he shall make it desolate, even until the consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate.

—♦—

Further Reading:






Featured Image: Daniel in the Lions’ Den, Sir Peter Paul Rubens [Wikimedia Commons]

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s