Japan’s Military Power

Japan, like Germany, is a post-WWII industrial power. Its economy, however, has been in the doldrums now for near two decades. Japan, however, is showing signs of moving away from its post-WWII defense-only military posture that has been enshrined in its constitution.

(Areas of distinct relative advantage are numbered in bold blue, and distinct relative disadvantage in bold red.)

Population: 127 million, but of which a very high proportion (44,000 or 35%) are both available and fit for service, but a relatively modest 250,000 active frontline personnel and 58,000 active reserve personnel.

Land Systems

  • Tanks: 678
    • Main Battle Tanks (MBTs)
    • Light Tanks
    • Tank Destroyers
  • Armoured Fighting Vehicles (AFVs): 2,850
    • Armoured Personnel Carriers (APCs)
    • Infantry Fighting Vehicles (IFVs)
  • Self-propelled Guns (SPGs): 202
  • Towed Artillery: 500
  • Multiple-Launch Rocket Systems (MLRSs): 99

Air Power

1,590 total aircraft

  • Fixed Wing
    • Fighters/Interceptors: 287
    • Fixed-Wing Attack Aircraft: 287
    • Transport Aircraft: 481
    • Trainer Aircraft: 444
  • Rotary Wing
    • Helicopters: 638
    • Attack Helicopters: 119

Naval Power

131 total vessels

  • Aircraft Carriers: 3
  • Frigates: 0
  • Destroyers: 43
  • Corvettes: 0
  • Submarines: 17
  • Coastal Defense Craft: 6
  • Mine Warfare: 27

Resources

  • Oil Reserves: 542 million barrels

Logistics

  • Labour Force: 66 million
  • Merchant Marine: 684
  • Major Ports and Terminals: 10
  • Roadway Coverage: 1.2 million
  • Railway Coverage: 27,182
  • Serviceable Airports: 175

Financial

  • Defense Budget: USD 40 Billion
  • External Debt: USD 5.2 Trillion
  • Reserves of Foreign Exchange and Gold: USD 1.3 Trillion
  • Purchasing Power Parity: USD 4.8 Trillion

Geography

  • Land Area: 377,915 sq. km
  • Coastline: 29,751 km
  • Shared Border: 0 km
  • Waterways: 1,770 km
  • Navigable Waterways:

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