PHUT

Ancient “Libya” would today include also the nations of Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, and Mauritania.

Libya airport takeover widens political split: Armed fighters have backed the return of Libya’s previous parliament, as the country’s political crisis deepens.

Basic map of Libya. Note her neighbours. Author: Bemoeial~commonswiki [Wikimedia Commons]

Phut, the Hebrew name for LIBYA, is so translated three times in the Old Testament. The ancient River Phut was in Libya. By Daniel’s day, the name had been changed to Libya (Dan 11:43). Josephus says, ‘Phut also was the founder of Libya [sic], and called the inhabitants Phutites, from himself’.  —Harold Hunt with Russell Grigg

Simon, who helped Jesus carry His cross, was from CyreneCyrene was founded by emigrant Greeks from the island of Thera (Santorini) circa 631 BC, their leader Battus kicking off a 200-year dynastic reign. But it’s zenith came not for another century after that, developing into an intellectual centre to rival that of Alexandria. A further 200 years later, in 96 BC, and Rome was in charge. An uprising in 115 AD ended Roman rule.

Civil War in Libya, 2011. Image by User: NordNordWest [Wikimedia Commons]

Images to look at:

Articles to read:

Avi Lipkin …

Noble as the cause was, the destruction of Moammar Qaddafi’s dictatorship by a spontaneous uprising and a Western intervention has just wreaked havoc in Africa’s northern half. This map attempts to show all that came after Qaddafi’s fall; that it is so overwhelmingly complex is precisely the point. The place to center your gaze is the patterned orange overlay across Libya, Algeria, Mali, and Niger: this shows where the Tuaregs, a semi-nomadic ethnic minority group, lives. Qaddafi used Libya’s oil wealth to train, arm, and fund large numbers of Tuaregs to fight the armed uprising in 2011. When he fell, the Tuaregs took the guns back out with them to Algeria and Mali, where they took control of territory. In Mali, they led a full-fledged rebellion that, for a time, seized the country’s northern half. Al-Qaeda moved into the vacuum they left, conquering entire towns in Mali and seizing fossil fuel facilities in Algeria. Criminal enterprises have flourished in this semi-arid belt of land known as the Sahel. So have vast migration routes, of Africans looking to find work and a better life in Europe. At the same time, armed conflict is getting worse in Nigeria and Sudan, both major oil producers. Qaddafi’s fall was far from the sole cause of all of this, but it brought just the right combination of disorder, guns, and militias to make everything a lot worse.

Resources

The “Greenstream” pipeline runs through Libya. Image by: Sémhur [Wikimedia Commons]

See “Libya is a member of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries, the holder of Africa’s largest proved crude oil reserves, and the fifth-largest holder of Africa’s proved natural gas reserves.”

Featured Image: National Flag of the State of Libya [Image: Wikimedia Commons]

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