DODANIM

Rhodes

Dodanim is a collective name of a people descended from Dodan, known to the Greeks as the Dardanians (Dardani) of Asia Minor. They settled initially around the area of Troy whose coastal regions are known to this day as the Dardanelles. The founder was deified by his descendants under the name Jupiter Dodonaeus (a mingling of Japheth and Dodan). The propagators of this cult built the city of Dodona as the chief seat of his worship. Egyptian records refer to the drdny who were allied to the Hittites at the battle of Kadesh. The early Britons were to trace their descent from Dardanus.  —Bill Cooper

Dodanim — Bible Study Tools

leaders, a race descended from Javan ( Genesis 10:4 ). They are known in profane history as the Dardani, originally inhabiting Illyricum. They were a semi-Pelasgic race, and in the ethnographical table ( Genesis 10 ) they are grouped with the Chittim (q.v.). In 1 Chronicles 1:7 , they are called Rodanim. The LXX. and the Samaritan Version also read Rhodii, whence some have concluded that the Rhodians, the inhabitants of the island of Rhodes, are meant.

Roman province of Dardania. Image author: Cplakidas [Wikimedia Commons]

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Smith’s Bible Dictionary

Dodanim

(leaders), (Genesis 10:4; 1 Chronicles 1:7) a family or race descended from Javan, the son of Japhet. (Genesis 10:4; 1 Chronicles 1:7) Dodanim is regarded as identical with the Dardani, who were found in historical times in Illyricum and Troy.

ATS Bible Dictionary

Dodanim

Or RODANM, 1 Chronicles 1:7, a people descended from Japhet through Javan, Genesis 10:4. They are associated, by the above passage, and by dim etymological inferences, with the island of Rhodes or some location on the north coast of the Mediterranean.

Easton’s Bible Dictionary

Leaders, a race descended from Javan (Genesis 10:4). They are known in profane history as the Dardani, originally inhabiting Illyricum. They were a semi-Pelasgic race, and in the ethnographical table (Genesis 10) they are grouped with the Chittim (q.v.). In 1 Chronicles 1:7, they are called Rodanim. The LXX. and the Samaritan Version also read Rhodii, whence some have concluded that the Rhodians, the inhabitants of the island of Rhodes, are meant.

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

DODANIM

do’-da-nim (dodhanim, “leaders”): In Genesis 10:4, the son of Javan, the son of Japheth. This would place the Dodanim among the Ioninns. The parallel passage 1 Chronicles 1:7, with the Septuagint and Samaritan Pentateuch, has, however, “Rodanim,” which is probably the true reading. This identifies the people with the Rhodians (compare on Ezekiel 27:15 under DEDAN).

Strong’s Hebrew

1721. Dodanim — a son of Javan, also his desc.
1720, 1721. Dodanim. 1722 . a son of Javan, also his desc. Transliteration:
Dodanim Phonetic Spelling: (do-daw-neem’) Short Definition: Dodanim.
/hebrew/1721.htm – 6k

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Dodanim, by Emil G. Hirsch – Jewish Encyclopedia

Name of sons of Javan, brothers to Elishah, Tarshish, and the Kittim, in the ethnographic table in Genesis (x. 4). The ancestor being Javan (= Ionian), the Dodanim must represent also a Greek clan. This can not be Dodona in the interior of Epiros, as both the association with the Kittim (= Cyprians) and Gen. x. 5 indicate a people settled on the seashore. Dardanians (the northern Ionians) have been suggested, but it is not likely that the author of this list had such detailed knowledge of the subdivisions of the Greek population. In I Chron. i. 7 the reading is “Rodanim,” as it is in the Samaritan, the Septuagint, and Jerome. In Gen. x. 4 these are the inhabitants of the island Rhodus, well known to the Phenicians of old (compare Homer’s “Iliad,” ii. 654). The only difficulty in the way of this identification is the long “o” in the Hebrew, where the Greek has the short sound. The modern commentators, Baentsch and Holzinger, accordingly change the ר (d) into a ר (r), and read “Rodanim.”

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Metaphysical meaning of Dodanim – Truth Unity

Dodanim, dod’-a-n;m (Heb.)–covenanters; confederates; the elect; civilized; lovable; beloved; sympathetic; pleasing.

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Creation Wiki

Dodanim (Hebrew: דדנים, Dōdānīm; “leaders”) or Rodanim (Hebrew: רדנים, Rōdānīm) was a son of son of::Javan and brother of brother of::Elishah, brother of::Tarshish, and brother of::Kittim according to Genesis 10:4 .

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International Standard Bible Encyclopedia Online

do’-da-nim (dodhanim, “leaders”): In Ge 10:4, the son of Javan, the son of Japheth. This would place the Dodanim among the Ioninns. The parallel passage 1Ch 1:7, with the Septuagint and Samaritan Pentateuch, has, however, “Rodanim,” which is probably the true reading. This identifies the people with the Rhodians (compare on Eze 27:15 under DEDAN).

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McClintock and Strong Bible Cyclopedia

Do’danim (Hebrews Dodanim’, דֹּדָנַים, deriv. unknown; Sept. ῾Ρόδιοι, Vulg. Dodanim), a family or race descended from (the fourth son of) Javan, the son of Japheth (Ge 10:4). The authorities vary as to the form of the name: the Hebrew text has Dodanim in Genesis, but RODANIM (רוֹדָנַים) in the text of the parallel passage (1Ch 1:7, margin דּוֹדָנַים, Sept. again ῾Ρόδιοι [v.r. Δωδανάμ], and Vulg. Dodanim, A.V. “Dodanim“); Dodanim appears in the Syriac, Chaldee, Vulgate, Persian, and Arabic versions, and in the Targum of Onkelos; Rodanima is supported by the Sept., the Samaritan version, and some early writers, as Eusebius and Cosmas. The weight of authority is in favor of Dodanim; the substitution of ῾Ρόδιοι, Rhodians, in the Sept. may have arisen from familiarity with that name (compare Eze 27:15, where it is again substituted for Dedan). Dodanim is regarded as identical with Dardani (Gesenius, Thesaur. page 1266), the latter, which is the original form, having been modified by the change of the liquid r into o, as in Barmilcar and Bomilcar, Hamilcar and Hamlilco (Hall. Lit. Zeit. 1841, No. 4). Thus the Targum of Jonathan, that on Chronicles, and the Jerusalem Talmud, give Dardania for Dodanim. The Dardani were found in historical times in Illyricum and Troy: the former district was regarded as their original seat. They were probably a semi-Pelasgic race, and are grouped with the Chittim in the genealogical table, as more closely related to them than to the other branches of the Pelasgic race (Knobel, Volkertafel, page 104 sq.). The similarity of the name Dodona in Epirus (Strabo, 7:327 sq.) has led to the identification of Dodanim with that place (Michaelis, Spicileg. 1:120); but a mere local designation appears too restricted for the general tenor of Genesis 10. SEE ETHNOLOGY. Kalisch (Comm. on Gen.) identifies Dodanim with the Daunians, who occupied the coast of Apulia: he regards the name as referring to Italy generally. The wide and unexplained difference of the names, and the comparative unimportance of the Daunians, form objections to this view. Those who prefer the reading Rodanim refer it to the Greek inhabitants along the river Rhone (Bochar Phaleg, 3:6), from the original Rhodus (Tuch, Genesis page 216).

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Dodanim

Meaning: leaders

a race descended from Javan (Genesis 10:4)

They are known in secular history as the Dardani, originally inhabiting Illyricum. They were a semi-Pelasgic race, and in the ethnographical table (Genesis 10) they are grouped with the Chittim.

In 1 Chronicles 1:7, they are called Rodanim. The Septuagint and the Samaritan Version also read Rhodii, whence some have concluded that the Rhodians, the inhabitants of the island of Rhodes, are meant.

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Watchtower Online LIbrary

(Doʹda·nim)

At Genesis 10:4 this name appears as the fourth-listed son of Javan. The Greek Septuagint and the Samaritan Pentateuch here read “Rodanim.” “Rodanim” is also found in the Hebrew Masoretic text at 1 Chronicles 1:7, although many Hebrew manuscripts, as well as the Syriac Peshitta and the Latin Vulgate, there read “Dodanim.”​—See RODANIM.

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Fausset’s Bible Dictionary

Dodanim
        

(Genesis 10:4) DODANIM or RODANIM (1 Chronicles 1:7); since the Hebrew letter Daleth ( ? ) and the Hebrew letter Resh ( ? ), closely resemble One another in Hebrew, Septuagint and Samaritan versions translate “the inhabitants of Rhodes,” the large island in the E. part of the Mediterranean; in Greek meaning “island of roses;” its coins are stamped with a rose. Sprung from Javan (Ionia, “the Greek race”), son of Japhet. Gesenius identifies them with the Dardani of Illyricum and Troy, a semi-Pelasgic race, akin to the Kittim or Chittim. Dodona, seat of the oracle in Epirus, is a kindred name.

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Religion Wiki

Dodanim (דֹּדָנִים Ḏōḏānîm) or Rodanim, (רודנים, Greek: Ρόδιοι, Ródioi) was, in the Book of Genesis, a son of Javan (thus, a great-grandson of Noah). Dodanim’s brothers, according to Genesis 10:4, were Elishah, Tarshish and Chittim.[1] He is usually associated with the people of the island of Rhodes as their progenitor. “-im” is a plural suffix in Hebrew, and the name may refer to the inhabitants of Rhodes.[2] Traditional Hebrew manuscripts are split between the spellings Dodanim and Rodanim[3] — one of which is probably a copyist’s error, as the Hebrew letters for R and D are quite similar graphically. The Samaritan Pentateuch, as well as 1 Chronicles 1:7, have Rodanim,[4] while the Septuagint has Rodioi. The Dodanim were considered either kin to the Greeks[5] or simply Greeks.[6][7]

The Targum Pseudo-Jonathan calls his country Dordania, while the Targum Neofiti names it Dodonia.[8]

Connections have been suggested with Dodona in Epirus[9][10] and Dardania in Illyria[9] (as in Genesis Rabbah),[11] as well as with the island of Rhodes.[8][10] Samuel Bochart associated the form Rodanim with the river Rhone‘s Latin name, Rhodanus.[8] Franz Delitzsch identified the figure of Dodanim with the Dardanus of Greek mythology,[12] while Joseph Mede equated him with the Jupiter Dodonaeus who had an oracle at Dodona.[8]

Kenneth Kitchen discusses two additional possible etymologies.[13] One possibility he suggests is that “both Dodanim and Rodanim have been reduced from Dordanim — by loss of medial r in Gen. 10:4 (Dordanim > Dodanim) and of an initial d in 1 Chron. 1:7 (<Do>rdanim > Rodanim). The Dardanayu occur in an Egyptian list of Aegean names under Amenophis III … and among the Hittite allies against Ramesses II at the Battle of Qadesh in 1275; some would link these with the classical Dardanoi.”[13] He also suggests that the name Dodanium may be an altered form of Danunim, an ancient Near Eastern people mentioned in the Amarna letters whose origin and identity is still surrounded by “considerable doubt”.[14]

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Biblical Training

RODANIM (rŏd’a-nĭm). A tribe descended from Javan, a son of Japheth (1Chr.1.7). Both here and in Gen.10.4, RSV has “Dodanim,” but the LXX gives “Rodanim” or “Rodians,” which rendering is supported by RSV “men of Rhodes” (Ezek.27.15), a reading followed by NIV. Ezekiel’s account of the trade by Dedan (kjv) would link the city with Rhodes. Records of trade between Rhodes and western Mediterranean ports date back to 700 b.c.

RODANIM rō’ də nĭm (some Heb. MSS: רוֹדָנִֽים, LXX ̔Ρόδιοι). the MT has Rōdanīm in 1 Chronicles 1:7, but Dōdanĩm in Genesis 10:4. Clearly the same ethnic group is in view, so that both spellings cannot be correct. Most scholars conclude from the fact that the Rodanim are included among the islanders of the Aegean area that “Rhodians” (inhabitants of the island of Rhodes) are meant. This can be explained, because the Heb. letters r and d resemble each other. Dodanim is the more difficult to explain. This does not mean it is less likely as the true reading. No plausible identification of Dodanim has been proposed.

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)

rod’-a-nim: The reading of Massoretic Text in 1Ch 1:7 for the DODANIM (which see) of Ge 10:4, corresponding to the Rhodioi of the Septuagint in both passages. The Rodanim are generally identified as inhabitants of the island of RHODES (which see), well known to the ancient Phoenicians (Homer’s Iliad).

In Pseudo-Philo (c. 70), Dodanim’s sons are Itheb, Beath, and Phenech; the last of these is made prince of the Japhethites at the time of the Tower of Babel.[15]

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Net-Bible

In Bible versions:

Dodanim: NET AVS NIV NRSV NASB TEV
Rodanites: NET
Rodanim: AVS NIV NRSV NASB TEV

son (certain descendants) of Javan son of Japheth son of Noah


beloved ( –> same as Dodai)

Hebrew

Strongs #01721: Myndd Dodaniym or (by orthographical error) Myndr Rodaniym (\\#1Ch 1:7\\)

Dodanim or Rodanim = “leaders”

1) sons or descendants of Javan

1721 Dodaniym do-daw-neem’

or (by orthographical error) Rodaniym (1 Chron. 1:7)
{ro-daw-neem’}; a plural of uncertain derivation; Dodanites,
or descendants of a son of Javan:-Dodanim.

Dodanim [EBD]

leaders, a race descended from Javan (Gen. 10:4). They are known in profane history as the Dardani, originally inhabiting Illyricum. They were a semi-Pelasgic race, and in the ethnographical table (Gen. 10) they are grouped with the Chittim (q.v.). In 1 Chr. 1:7, they are called Rodanim. The LXX. and the Samaritan Version also read Rhodii, whence some have concluded that the Rhodians, the inhabitants of the island of Rhodes, are meant.

Dodanim [NAVE]

DODANIM
Descendants of Noah, Gen. 10:4.
Called Rodanim, 1 Chr. 1:7.

Rodanim [NAVE]

RODANIM
Gen. 10:4; 1 Chr. 1:7 See: Dodanim.

DODANIM [SMITH]

(leaders), (Genesis 10:4; 1 Chronicles 1:7) a family or race descended from Javan, the son of Japhet. (Genesis 10:4; 1 Chronicles 1:7) Dodanim is regarded as identical with the Dardani, who were found in historical times in Illyricum and Troy.

DODANIM [ISBE]

DODANIM – do’-da-nim (dodhanim, “leaders”): In Gen 10:4, the son of Javan, the son of Japheth. This would place the Dodanim among the Ioninns. The parallel passage 1 Ch 1:7, with the Septuagint and Samaritan Pentateuch, has, however, “Rodanim,” which is probably the true reading. This identifies the people with the Rhodians (compare on Ezek 27:15 under DEDAN).

RODANIM [ISBE]

RODANIM – rod’-a-nim: The reading of Massoretic Text in 1 Ch 1:7 for the DODANIM (which see) of Gen 10:4, corresponding to the Rhodioi of the Septuagint in both passages. The Rodanim are generally identified as inhabitants of the island of RHODES (which see), well known to the ancient Phoenicians (Homer’s Iliad).

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Featured Image: Roman Balkans, 4th century CE. Public Domain, as uploaded by PANONIAN [Wikimedia Commons]

 

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And of them was the whole earth overspread