RIPHATH

Riphath was Gomer’s second son. And Gomer was the eldest son of Japheth.

The Paphlagonians

Early cosmographers felt that the Riphaean mountains constituted the then northernmost boundary of the earth. Pliny, Melo, and Solinus record the name of Riphath as that of the Riphaci, Riphaces, and Piphlataci who were later known to history as the Paphlagonians, the descent and identification of which is confirmed by Josephus.  —Bill Cooper

Note the localisation of Riphath (modern-day northern Turkey) in the image below:

Map based on geographic localisations of Flavius Josephus (ca. 100 AD) (Japheth in red). By User: RicHard-59 [Wikimedia Commons]
Another understanding traces the lineage further still, in that the Riphaeans were, ultimately, the Celts (Brittons and Gaelic peoples) who originated from the Scythians en-route through the Urals. Their respective nations, according to language variant, would then be:

The Six Celtic Nations [Image: Wikimedia Commons]

As such, these nations militarily fall under the purview of the United Kingdom, ranked 5th most powerful nation in the world, but also France.

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RIPHATH rī’ făth (רִיפַ֖ת , LXX ̔Ριφὰ̀θ; meaning is unknown): The second son of Gomer, and the brother of Ashkenaz and Togarmah (Gen 10:3). All of these names are non-Sem. and prob. Anatolian. The synoptic passage (1 Chron 1:6) reads “Diphath” but c. thirty MSS, LXX and Vul. read Riphath in both places supporting the reading in Genesis. The name has been identified with the Riphaean mountains (Knobel), the river Rhebas in Bithynia (Bochart), the Rhibii, a people living eastward of the Caspian Sea (Schulthess), and the Ripheans, the ancient name of the Paphlagonians (Jos. Antiq., I, vi, 1). This last view is favored by the contiguity of Ashkenaz and opinion in his time favored Togarmah. According to Bevan the weight of opinion in his time favored the Riphean mountains which Knobel identified etymologically and geographically with the Carpathian range in the NE of Dacia (A Dictionary of the Bible, ed. by W. Smith [1863], 1045).
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International Standard Bible Encyclopedia Online

ri’-fath (riphath): A son of Gomer, the eldest son of Japhet (Ge 10:3; 1Ch 1:6, where Massoretic Text and the Revised Version (British and American) read DIPHATH (which see)). Josephus (Ant., I, vi, 1) identifies the Ripheans with the Paphlagonians, through whose country on the Black Sea ran the river “Rhebas” (Pliny, NH, vi.4).

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Watchtower Online Library

RIPHATH: A son of Gomer and grandson of Japheth. (Ge 10:2, 3; 1Ch 1:6) At 1 Chronicles 1:6 the Masoretic Hebrew text has “Diphath”; however, the Greek Septuagint, the Latin Vulgate, and some 30 Hebrew manuscripts have “Riphath.” The difference in spelling is perhaps the result of a copyist’s writing the Hebrew daʹleth (ד) instead of the Hebrew rehsh (ר), the letters being very similar in appearance.

Riphath is listed among those from whom the various nations and peoples were spread about in the earth following the global Flood. (Ge 10:32) The only historical reference regarding his descendants is that of Josephus, of the first century C.E., who claims that the early inhabitants of Paphlagonia (along the S side of the Black Sea in northwestern Asia Minor) were anciently called Ripheans. Some scholars would also connect the name with that of the river called the Rhebas in that general area, while others favor a relationship with the district of Rhebantia in the region of the Bosporus, farther to the W. The limited mention of Riphath in the Bible record and the lack of reference to the name in available ancient secular history allows for no certain identification.

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Bible Hub
Hitchcock’s Bible Names Dictionary

Riphath: remedy; medicine; release; pardon

Smith’s Bible Dictionary

Riphath: (spoken), the second son of Gomer. (Genesis 10:3) The name may be identified with the Rhipaean mountains, i.e. the Carpathian range in the northeast of Dacia.

ATS Bible Dictionary

Riphath: A northern nation descended from a grandson of Japheth, Genesis 10:3, called Diphath in 1 Chronicles 1:6. The name is traced in that of the Riphoean mountains, in Russia.

Easton’s Bible Dictionary: A crusher, Gomer’s second son (Genesis 10:3), supposed to have been the ancestor of the Paphlagonians.
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

RIPHATH: ri’-fath (riphath): A son of Gomer, the eldest son of Japhet (Genesis 10:3 1 Chronicles 1:6, where Massoretic Text and the Revised Version (British and American) read DIPHATH (which see)). Josephus (Ant., I, vi, 1) identifies the Ripheans with the Paphlagonians, through whose country on the Black Sea ran the river “Rhebas” (Pliny, NH, vi.4).

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Hebrew Nations (A Britam Website)

Riphat the Gomerian

Descendants of Gomer (2 February, 2015, 13 Shevet, 5775)

Continued from Gomer the Gentile and from Ashkenaz, and from Togarmah

Contents:
1. Riphah and the Sons of Gomer
2. Paphlagonia
3. Josephus and the Scythians
4. Gomer, Riphath and the Celts
5. The Riphaean Mountains of Riphat
6. The Franks and Gomer
7. Gomer in Eastern Europe and Germany?

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Institute for Creation Research

Riphath

Genesis 10:3

10:3 Riphath. Josephus associates Riphath with the Paphlagonians. There is a possibility that the name Carpathia, and even Europe, come from Riphath.

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Strong’s Dictionary of Hebrew Words
Transliteration: Riyphath
Phonic: ree-fath’
Meaning: or (probably by orthographical error) Diyphath {dee-fath’}; of foreign origin; Riphath, a grandson of Japheth and his descendants
KJV Usage: Riphath
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Behind the Name

Given Name RIPHATH

GENDER: Masculine
OTHER SCRIPTS: Iobath
PRONOUNCED: Ree-fath
OTHER FORMS: Rifath, Rifaith, Riophath, Iobath, Ibath, Jovad, Emoth
CONTRIBUTOR: Jeff Messick on 2/5/2008

Meaning & History: Name of Gomer second-born son in Genesis ch. 10. Irish/Scottish oral tradition (Leber Gabala Eirinn) lists him as the ancestor of the Scots (including the Irish). They too call him the second son of Gomer. Places named for him: Rhiphean Mountains.

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Ri’phath (Heb. Riphath, רַיפִת, perhaps spoken; Sept. ῾Ριφάθ v.r. ῾Ριφαε; Vulg. Riphath), the second son of Gomer and the brother of Ashkenaz and Togarmah (Ge 10:3). B.C. cir. 2450. The Hebrew text in 1Ch 1:6 gives the form Diphath (q.v.); but this arises out of a clerical error similar to that which gives the forms Rodanim and Hadad for Dodanim and Hadar (vers. 7:50; Ge 36:39). The name Riphath occurs only in the genealogical table, and hence there is little to guide us to the locality which it indicates. The name itself has been variously identified with that of the Rhipaean Mountains (Knobel); the river Rhebas, in Bithynia (Bochart); the Rhibii, a people living eastward of the Caspian Sea (Schulthess); and the Riphaeans the ancient name of the Paphlagonians (Joseph Ant. 1, 6, 1). This last view is certainly favored by the contiguity of Ashkenaz and Togarmah. The weight of opinion is, however, in favor of the Rhipaean Mountains, which Knobel (Volkert. p. 44) identifies etymologically and geographically with the Carpathian range in the northeast of Dacia. The attempt of that writer to identify Riphath with the Celts or Gauls is evidently based on the assumption that so important a race ought to be mentioned in the table, and that there is no other name to apply to them; but we have no evidence that the Gauls were for any lengthened period settled in the neighborhood of the Carpathian range. The Rhipaean Mountains themselves existed more in the imagination of the Greeks than in reality; and if the received etymology of that name (from ῥιπαί, “blasts”) be correct, the coincidence in sound with Riphath is merely accidental, and no connection can be held to exist between the names. The later geographers, Ptolemy (3, 5, § 15, 19) and others, placed the Rhipaean range where no range really exists, viz. about the elevated ground that separates the basins of the Euixine and Baltic seas. SEE ETHNOLOGY.

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Smith’s Bible Dictionary

“Riphath ” means spoken

Riphath : the second son of Gomer. (Genesis 10:3) The name may be identified with the Rhipaean mountains, i.e. the Carpathian range in the northeast of Dacia.

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Study Light

Riphath: A northern nation descended from a grandson of Japheth, Genesis 10:3 , called Diphath in 1 Chronicles 1:6 . The name is traced in that of the Riphoean mountains, in Russia.


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain and are a derivative of the topics are from American Tract Society Bible Dictionary published in 1859.

Bibliography Information
Rand, W. W. Entry for ‘Riphath’. American Tract Society Bible Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/ats/r/riphath.html. 1859.

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Fab pedigree
The PEDIGREE of Riphath (Ripath) SCOT ben GOMER
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Truth Unity

Metaphysical meaning of Riphath (mbd)
Riphath, ri-phath (Heb.)–centrifugal force; spoken word; rarefaction; slackening; remission; pardon; healing

Son of Gomer who was a son of Japheth and grandson of Noah (Gen. 10:3). In I Chronicles 1:6, he is called Diphath.

Meta. Power expressing actively through the will and the word (centrifugal force, spoken word). This activity, though more mental than spiritual, is refining and healing (rarefaction, healing). Under a negative influence this same activity or movement becomes lassitude and weakness (slackening).

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Revolvy

Riphath (Hebrew: ריפת) was Gomer‘s second son according to the Table of Nations in the Hebrew Bible (Gen. 10:3, 1 Chronicles 1:6). The name appears in some copies of 1 Chronicles as “Diphath“, due to the similarities of the characters resh and dalet in the Hebrew and Aramaic alphabets.

According biblical scholar Donald Gowan, his identity is “completely unknown.”[1]

He was supposed by Flavius Josephus to have been the ancestor of the “Riphatheans, now called Paphlagonians“. Hippolytus of Rome made him the ancestor of the “Sauromatians” (as distinct from the “Sarmatians“, whom he called descendants of Riphath’s elder brother, Ashkenaz).

Riphath has often been connected with the Riphean Mountains of classical Greek geography, in whose foothills the Arimaspi (also called Arimphaei[2] or Riphaeans[3] ) were said to live.[4] These were usually identified with the Ural Mountains by authors such as Pliny the Elder.

August Wilhelm Knobel proposed that Riphath begat the Celtic peoples, who according to Plutarch had crossed from the Riphaean Mountains while en route to Northern Europe.[5]

Some versions of the Middle Irish work Lebor Gabála Érenn give as an alternate name “Riphath Scot” son of Gomer, in place of Fenius Farsa, as a Scythian ancestor of the Goidels.

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WikiVisually

Riphat

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Riphath (Hebrew: ריפת) was Gomer‘s second son according to the Table of Nations in the Hebrew Bible (Gen. 10:3, 1 Chronicles 1:6). The name appears in some copies of 1 Chronicles as “Diphath“, due to the similarities of the characters resh and dalet in the Hebrew and Aramaic alphabets.

According biblical scholar Donald Gowan, his identity is “completely unknown.”[1]

He was supposed by Flavius Josephus to have been the ancestor of the “Riphatheans, now called Paphlagonians“. Hippolytus of Rome made him the ancestor of the “Sauromatians” (as distinct from the “Sarmatians“, whom he called descendants of Riphath’s elder brother, Ashkenaz).

Riphath has often been connected with the Riphean Mountains of classical Greek geography, in whose foothills the Arimaspi (also called Arimphaei[2] or Riphaeans[3]) were said to live.[4] These were usually identified with the Ural Mountains by authors such as Pliny the Elder.

August Wilhelm Knobel proposed that Riphath begat the Celtic peoples, who according to Plutarch had crossed from the Riphaean Mountains while en route to Northern Europe.[5]

Some versions of the Middle Irish work Lebor Gabála Érenn give as an alternate name “Riphath Scot” son of Gomer, in place of Fenius Farsa, as a Scythian ancestor of the Goidels.

 

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Jaymack

The Line of Japheth 10:2-5

Riphath was the second son of Gomer. In First Chronicles 1:6 his name is spelled Diphath because the r and the d are very much alike in Hebrew. They located on the southern edge of the Black Sea.

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References

Further Reading

Riphath: Master of the MoonSound Doctrine Ministries

The Mystery of Gomer and RiphathAlternative GenHist, 16 December 2010


Featured Image

Riphath was said by Josephus to have been ancestor of the Paphlagonians [Image: as per User:Cplakidas, Wikimedia Commons]

 

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